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interior design career | Who is an Interior Designer | interior design

Interior design career | Who is an Interior Designer | Interior design (part -2 )

The Development of Interior Design as a Profession
interior design career | Who is an Interior Designer | interior design
interior design career | Who is an Interior Designer | interior design

Throughout the history, there has always been people- whether users or designers- who were especially concerned with the quality of interior spaces. At various times architects, artists, craftsmen, and merchants have designed and furnished interiors. Trade routes and markets have developed over
centuries to supply homes and public building carpets, textiles and other furnishings. Glass, ceramics,
metal and woodworks of exceptional qualities were produced by experienced craftsmen of those times. Traditionally an architect developed the structure of a building, and the interior was usually designed by the artisans and craftsmen. Through the nineteenth century, advice on interior arrangement was the province of upholsterers, cabinet makers, or retailers.

By the beginning of twentieth century, the department stores promoted accessories and the furnishings to the average consumer, this greatly helped to set the design trends and people started looking for a help in the design of their homes and workplaces. Historically interior design was regarded as a branch of fashion, subject to the ever-changing whims of style. Interior decoration was considered an activity purely suitable for women, whose daily lives focused on minding the homes and the servants. The interest in interior decoration as a career was developed after the publication of “ The Decoration of Houses” by Ogden Codman in 1897.During the twentieth century the publications focused on designing and living in good taste. Good taste was developed by studying past styles. The earliest prominent interior decorators were usually self taught. By the late twentieth century educational programmes were developed to train decorators in period styles and the arrangement of furnishings. Trade magazines and digests further
developed tastes and styles and interior decoration was emerged as a full time career. By the 1940s
interior design was developed as a separate profession. Commercial area was then targeted for the
decoration of interiors.

interior design career | Who is an Interior Designer | interior design

Divisions of the Profession

Interior designers, rarely work in every field. It is common for them to pick one specific area and enhance their skills in that particular field. Sometimes designers choose to specialise in residential areas and sometimes they choose to specialise in commercial properties. Some even narrow their field and choose to work for certain types of homes and businesses. It is also quite common for the designers to refuse to pick any specific field at all. There are versatile designers and firms that do many kinds of work. This makes the field even wider for them.
The most important division is between residential and non-residential interior design. Though many
designers do both, it is never the less true that specialisation in one or the other implies important
differences in temperament, working habit and business conduct.

Residential Design

Residential interior design is for the private places. Residential interior may encompass a whole residence or only a part of one. It may entail all the functions involved in creating the specific area, or only one or some. The job may include:

1) Planning, designing, executing and furnishing;

  •  a complete private house or apartment
  •  only specified rooms or parts of the rooms

2) Consultation to technical service on:

  •  painting and wall covering schedules
  •  colour coordination
  • specifications for specially built units
  •  developing layouts or floor plans
  •  consultation with architects and craftsmen
  •  producing other presentations and drawings.

Most designers prefer this type of work because it is less stressful, and the deadlines are usually a little more relaxed. When the designer is allowed to create something that pleases both- the designer and the client- the feeling is much better.
Sometimes, the work for residential areas can be quite small also. This type of work suits especially those designers, who love to express their creativity. Usually a residential project follows a sequence of working procedures as:

1. Careful interviewing to establish the client’s programme andbudget.
2. Developing design concept.
3. Obtaining client’s approval for that concept.
4. Making estimates.
5. Making authorised purchases.
6. Supervising and installing.

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