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interior design career | Who is an Interior Designer | interior design (Part -3)

Interior Design career | Who is an Interior Designer | Interior Design (Part -3)

interior design career | Who is an Interior Designer | interior design (Part -3)
interior design career | Who is an Interior Designer | interior design (Part -3)

Commercial Design

Commercial interior design includes- hotels, banks, offices, retail establishments- large and small,
hospitals, factories, museums, beauty parlours, gyms theatres and so on. Here, as in residential, client is not the only person to be satisfied. The designer has also to consider the client’s clients- customers,
employees and the public in general.
This speciality requires an ability to estimate the value of designers own work, this will be helpful when approving a bid set by a business. Also, a designer will have to work under specific instructions here, to understand what the client is looking for, good listening skills are therefore very important. This type of speciality can be very important if the designer is successful in establishing a good rapport with the client. Doing a good job will lead to a steady, return client, and will often guarantee more work as the client’s word of mouth can lead the other businesses desiring the service.
There are not only these two branches of speciality but some designers can choose any sub branch to
specialise in as well. There are quite a few and all of them are intended for the designer that has a
particular forte in the field.

Kitchen and Bath

There are a great many possibilities in this branch because these areas of the house are always in the
need of dramatic change. The designer dealing in these specific areas is required to have knowledge in cabinetry and plumbing also.

Windows and Draperies

Though it seems a small area to entirely depend on it, but the windows of a house or building play a big role in the overall structure. They are a source of energy and efficiency in every home and they are often changed on yearly basis. Basic heating lighting knowledge helps, as well as space management.


Often, it is the addition of special lighting that can change completely a room’s environment. A designer can choose this specific field to work also.

Designer- Client Relationships

There could be various roles which a designer needs to fill in the designer- client relationship; all depend upon the business structure established. These roles may include: a pure designer, agent, merchant, employee and a contractor.

Pure Designer

In this capacity the interior designer only provides the professional design services; drawings, documents and purchasing specifications for the required interior elements and furnishings. The scope of work often includes the preparation of complete interior plan.


The designer can act as an agent on the behalf of his client and can place client’s orders with the
manufacturers and showrooms. The monies either go through the designer’s firm or under his/ her own name.


Most of the design firms sell merchandise also in this regard; the designer becomes a merchant when
selling merchandise.

Some designers are employed by retail stores, where they are usually paid salary plus commission. When the client purchases anything from the store, the designer’s service may be included or offered at an extra fee. Sometimes designers work for the companies that manufacture products for interior


The designers are then required to assist in design or for selling these products. Usually the products are unusual, a designer’s input is therefore required to demonstrate the purpose and relationship of the
products to the market of today.

interior design career | Who is an Interior Designer | interior design


A designer can also act as a contractor, by employing the workers required to do construction, finish
surfaces, and handle drapery and window treatments and so on. Sometimes the craftsmen are employed directly by the design firms or they work on contractual basis or freelance.

A Designer’s Basic Considerations for Design a Scheme

There are three basics on which the whole building of a well planned room stands up, these are:

  •  Function
  •  Mood
  •  Style


The interior designer, when planning a room scheme, allows it to function at its best. This involves
deciding how the space can be apportioned into different zones; what should be done about the wiring, lighting, ceiling, floor, walls and windows. What can be improved and how. A complete analysis of this gives him a framework on which, he can build whatever mood or style is required.

In order to develop clear idea about the function of a room, a designer will have to know the purpose for which the room will be used and is being planned for. He will have to ascertain what it is needed for? How will it be used and who will use it. Function of a room is actually about practicality, comfort and the detailing which are required in the room.
A good interior design is as much about practicality, comfort and detailing as it is about the mood and
style  However beautiful the window treatments, however original the colour schemes, however splendid the furnishings, no one will appreciate unless the room is comfortable overall and it functionsas it should.


When people think about the effect they want to create in their homes, what they are often considering is the mood or atmosphere: whether a room is to have a sense of being relaxed or formal, stimulating or calming, cool and airy or warm and cosy. Mood relates to how you want to feel when you are in the room. If a space has several functions, such as a living room which includes a play area or a home office that converts to a guest bedroom, when needed, it may be necessary to alter the mood also, according to who is using the room? At what time of the day?

Light and colour have a strong impact on mood. Subdued lights are relaxing and bright lights are
stimulating. If you will use very bright lights in a room which is meant for relaxing, it will not meet the needs and hence will not fulfil the requirements of the mood that is actually required. Similarly soft creams and quiet taupe colours send out very different signals to hot reds and rich greens.
Texture is also important. A room decorated with simple cottons and linens is very different in character from one dominated by chenille and velvets. The same is true of the surface materials; a wooden floor provides different atmosphere to a thick wool carpet. Mood actually depends upon the function of the room and the climate in which someone wants to live.


The style is mainly about putting a look together whereas mood relates how you want to feel when in the room. The style can be traditional, modern, American country, oriental, Gothicetc.
The inspiration for interiors can be many and varied. Travel, for example, has a strong influence today, as do references from the museums or art galleries. Interiors magazines and books on different subjects from decorative tiles to Indian palaces, all offer a wealth of inspiration. Inspiration can come from a single object like an oriental carpet or a painting can suggest a colour scheme for an entire room. If two people have to share a room and both have different tastes- traditional verses modern, for example- you can start by creating a neutral backdrop and can then add elements that will appeal to both the parties.

When choosing a decorative style for a room also consider the architectural style of the room. Look at the features like cornices, skirting boards, fireplaces, dados, doors, and windows, and then decide if all these features are compatible with the style that you want tocreate.

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